A shopping mall is a modern, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center in which one or more buildings form a complex of
shops with interconnecting
A shopping arcade is a type of shopping precinct that developed earlier and in which the connecting walkways are not owned by a single proprietor and may be in the open air or covered by a ground-floor
Technical innovations such as electric lighting and escalators were introduced from the late 19th century. From the late 20th century,
entertainment venues such as
movie theaters and
restaurants began to be added.
As a single built structure, early shopping centers were often architecturally significant constructions, enabling wealthier patrons to buy goods in spaces protected from the weather.
International Council of Shopping Centers classifies shopping malls into eight basic types: neighborhood center, community center, regional center, superregional center, fashion/specialty center,
power center, theme/festival center, and
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